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Global Responses to Increasing Inflation

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Around the globe, inflation is rising, and unfortunately, wages are not rising with it. With the fallout from the global health crisis, continued supply chain bottlenecks, as well as the war in Ukraine, prices of common goods and services keep climbing. The price of oil is one of the most devastating increases for families and businesses alike, and the upward trajectory seems to have no end in sight. Inflation has hit nearly 8% around the world, and countries are having very different responses to these rising numbers. While the United States has sat and watched it happen, many European countries have jumped in to stem the tide and try to offer help to their citizens.

The U.S. Suffers at the Pump

Inflation has affected everything from the cost of bananas to the cost of lumber, but nowhere is the pinch felt more sharply than at the gas pump. The cost of gasoline is rising exponentially in the United States, with California drivers paying the most of any driver, “an average of $6.21 a gallon as of June 2, compared with the national average of $4.71 a gallon,” according to AAA.

The current news is not forecasting a positive trend, either. JPMorgan recently opined that the national average for gas could top $6 a gallon by August.

“Even before Russia attacked Ukraine, we were seeing the production of oil lagging. Producers in the United States are reporting they’re having a hard time getting workers to come back to the oil fields,” Borenstein said. “They’re having supply-chain problems with parts and equipment.”

So, what is the U.S. doing about this crisis? So far, not much has been done to stop the bleeding out of their wallets.

European Countries Help their People

Interestingly, the European countries are in the same boat for inflation and rising fuel prices, but almost across the board, the governments of these countries are making strides to help the people. Almost every country in Europe (excluding Bulgaria and Hungary) has instituted measures to help the most downtrodden in their countries deal with the personal difficulties brought about by the inflation.

With inflation rising to 7.9% in May, the German government instituted a clearcut way to help its citizens with the burgeoning petrol prices. German citizens can purchase transport tickets for nine Euros, and the tickets will cover transport all across Germany. This gives citizens a cost-effective way to get to work, and move about the country.

Other countries have come up with a myriad of ways to help.  “In Belgium, some people were entitled to an €80 energy voucher(1); in the Czech Republic, two minimum social benefits were increased by 10%; Greece paid a €200 allowance to pensioners with a small pension; and a payment of €15 to €20 per month for 150,000 vulnerable households has been introduced in Lithuania until the end of 2022.” Countries such as Cyprus and Portugal have cut taxes so that the most vulnerable families could have the extra money in their pockets.

The European Data Journalism Network also reported, “The third lever is price regulation. France has done this with its tariff shield. Estonia and Romania, among others, have also opted for this approach, freezing electricity and gas prices in January and March respectively. Spain and Portugal have gone one step further, removing electricity prices from the market mechanisms that were driving them up.”

U.S.’ Non-Response

As for the United States, their response to rapidly rising inflation has been a non-response, and some experts say that the creation of Biden’s $1.9T American Rescue Plan implemented in 2021 actually exacerbated the inflation problem.

“I think we can say with certainty that we would have less inflation and fewer problems that we need to solve right now if the American Rescue Plan had been optimally sized,” said Wendy Edelberg, a senior fellow in economic studies at the Brookings Institution.

Because the United States offered more stimulus than their European counterparts, they are seeing more core inflation. Core inflation excludes the often-volatile food and energy prices and offers a more reasonable sense of prices in a country.

Because U.S. wages are not rising at the same rate as inflation, families are experiencing a real problem. In an effort to staunch the bleeding, the Federal Reserve has been raising the interest rates to try to level out the economy, but many experts warn we are headed for a recession.

Unlike his European counterparts, the response of Biden to the inflationary crisis has been to ride out the storm rather than offer tangible aid to the country’s vulnerable population. It has taken until the very end of May for Biden to move on the topic, and acknowledge the severity of the issue, grumbling to White House officials that his administration has not done enough to stop inflation.

Last week Biden appeared in the Oval Office with Treasury Secretary Janet L. Yellen, saying that he has a “laser focus” on addressing inflation. “My top priority … is addressing inflation in order to transition from a historic recovery to a steady growth that works for American families,” Biden said.

Biden’s Build Back Better campaign was poised to help in the fight against inflation but fell apart under opposition last December. The White House has yet to find a suitable response to inflation, although they are pointing to their  “actions to improve supply chain bottlenecks and its investments through the bipartisan infrastructure bill.” This is simply not enough.

The problem is complicated, as they try to celebrate the plummeting unemployment rate but still acknowledge that many people in the U.S. are suffering. Critics say it is all just talk, as no actual action has really come about.

Although many European countries have put their money where their mouth is, for the U.S., Biden’s efforts are too little, too late. The country is in turmoil and needs a solid plan so it can stop sinking without someone at least trying to offer a life ring.

Adnan Zai

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